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What is Cannabis?

Cannabis is: 

all parts of the plant Cannabis sativa L., whether growing or harvested, and includes:
(i) the seeds of the plant;
(ii) the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and
(iii) any compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or resin.

Cannabis does not include:

(i) the mature stalks of the plant and fiber produced from the stalks;
(ii) oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant;
(iii) any compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks, fiber, oil, or cake;
(iv) the sterilized seed of the plant that is incapable of germination; or
(v) hemp or hemp products, as defined in 6 V.S.A. § 562.

Marijuana and Cannabis: What's the Difference?

The word "cannabis" refers to all products derived from the Cannabis plant while the word "marijuana" refers to parts of or products from the plant (usually the leaves and flowers) that contain substantial amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoctive component of the plant that can make people intoxicated. "Marijuana" is more recently being replaced with "cannabis with THC" because of a racially charged hisory connected to the use of the world marijuana.

  • Note: In the new law that will allow for commercial sales of cannabis in Vermont (Act 164), the Vermont legislature mandated that "Marijuana" be changed to "Cannabis" in all laws. For this purpose, the term cannabis refers to the drug, including anything containing more than .03% of active THC (products with .03% or less are labeled as Hemp).

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol and is one of over 130 naturally occurring cannabinoids found in the plant Cannabis sativa L and meets the definition of hemp, 6 V.S.A. § 562 (5). CBD is generally derived from hemp and is not psychoactive, like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). 

The Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets administers a “Hemp Program that regulates the growing, processing, testing, and marketing of industrial hemp and hemp products in the State” (6 V.S.A. §564(a)), which includes “any product containing one or more hemp-derived cannabinoids, such as cannabidiol.” (6 V.S.A. §562 (4)).  It also regulates the content on “labels or label information for hemp products in order to provide consumers with product content or source information or to conform with federal requirements.” To learn more about the Hemp Program, please visit